"God created the heavens and the earth for just ends, and in order that each soul may find the recompense of what it has earned, and none of them be wronged….
"To all are (assigned) degrees according to the deeds which they (have done), and in order that (God) may recompense their deeds, and no injustice be done to them."
(5) man’s creation – Qur’an 16:4f,14 & 40:57 (cf. Gen. 1:26f and Pss. 8, 103 & 104). "He has created man from a sperm-drop…. And cattle He has created for you. From them, you derive warmth and numerous benefits, and of their (meat) you eat…. It is He Who has made the sea subject, so that you may eat thereof flesh that is fresh and tender….
"Assuredly the creation of the heavens and the earth is a greater (matter) than the creation of men. Yet most men understand not!"
(6)Adam before the fall — Qur’an 2:30f; 3:59; 4:1; 6:98; 7:11; 15:26; 20:117f; 49:13 (cf. Gen. chs. 1 to 5; Rom. 5:12-14; I Cor. 15:22-47; II Cor. 11:3 & II Tim. 2:13f)
"Behold, your Lord said to the angels: ‘I will create a vicegerent on earth’…. And He taught Adam the nature of all things; then placed them [Adam and Eve] before the angels, and said: ‘Tell Me the nature of these, if you are right!’ They said: ‘Glory to You! Of knowledge we have none, save what You have taught us. In truth, it is You Who are perfect in knowledge and wisdom.’ He said: ‘O Adam, tell them their natures!’ When he had told them, God said: ‘Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of heavens and earth, and I know what you reveal and what you conceal?’…. We said: ‘O Adam, you and your wife are to dwell in the Garden and eat of the bountiful things therein as (where and when) you will!’…. "The similitude of Jesus before God is like that of Adam. He created him from dust, then said to him: ‘Be!’ And he was….
"O mankind! Reverence your Guardian-Lord Who created you from a single person; created, of like nature, his mate; and from the two of them scattered (like seeds) countless men and women! Reverence God, through Whom you demand your mutual (rights)! And (reverence) the wombs
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(that bore you)! For God ever watches over you….
"It is He Who has produced you from a single person….
"We created man from sounding clay; from mud, moulded into shape…. "It is We Who created you and gave you shape."
Yet, after the fall of man, there is no doctrine of atonement, as in Genesis 3:15.
"We said: ‘O Adam! Truly, this [Satan] is an enemy to you and your wife. So let him not get you both out of the Garden, so that you land in misery! There is therein (enough provision) for you not to go hungry nor to go naked, nor to suffer from thirst nor from the sun’s heat’….
"O mankind! We created you from a single…male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes so that you may know each other — not so that you may despise each other. Truly, the most honoured of you in the sight of God — is the most righteous of you. And God has full knowledge, and is well acquainted (with all things)."
The Qur-an has much to say about Noah, but not about how God saved his family of eight in the ark, but rather how Noah chased one son outside the ark, and drowned him! Too, the Qur-an too has much to say about Ibrahim and his Arabic son Ishmael of Kaaba fame! The Qur-an also honours Moses, but not for his predictions of the Saviour Jesus (Deut. 18:18-22). The Qur-an too honours certain Israelitic prophets, alongside many Arabic ones. The Qur-an also greatly honours the virgin-born Jesus, but not as our Atoner as Paul did.