But the Muslim Yusuf Ali comments: "The three principal idols of Pagan Arab Idolatry were the goddesses Lat, ’Uzza, and Manat. Opinions differ as to their exact forms. One version is that Lat was in human shape. ’Uzza had its origin in a sacred tree, and Manat in a white stone.
"They all represented God in female forms. To show God in human shape, or imagine sons or daughters of God…was in any case a derogation from the supreme glory of God…. It was particularly degrading to show God, or so-called daughters of God, in female shapes." Thus Ali.
For us, however, Calvin is decisive. In his Institutes II:6:4, he maintains that the Islamitic Turks, with their ‘rejection of Christ, substitute an idol in His place’ (namely Allah). In his sermon on Deuteronomy 18:15, he stresses that ‘Muhammad’ and ‘the Pope’ are the ‘two horns’ of ‘Antichrist.’ And in his comment on First John 2:22f (cf. too on Second Thessalonians 2), he maintains regarding Christ that: "Turks, Jews and such like have a mere idol in place of God."
Avner Boskey writes in his Oct. 11 2001 Perspective on Islam: "Is Islam a monotheistic religion? That all depends on how one defines ‘monotheism.’
"Monotheism refers to the belief in one god. But belief in any one god is not exactly the same as belief in the One True God. While the Bible teaches monotheism, it does not teach a generic monotheism (i.e., that it is possible for any spirit to be considered the Supreme Deity).
"The Bible teaches that the God of Israel whose personal name is YHVH (commonly known as Jehovah) — He alone is God Most High. The same Scriptures also clearly teach that the gods worshipped by the pagan nations are in fact demons (First Kings18.39; Second Kings19:18; First Chronicles 16:26; Psalm 96:5; Zechariah14:9; First Corinthians 8:4-6; Galatians 4:8).
"This may not be a politically correct viewpoint today. But the Bible focuses on eternal truths, and does not try to be a spiritual chameleon. Many people today believe that religion’s job is to promote moral and ethical behavior. According to this viewpoint, different religions with their different spirits, names of god or gods, avatars (etc.) — all should be tolerated because these are
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simply different ways of expressing the same divine and ethical truths. ‘Why argue about whether He is called YHVH or Allah,' they question with exasperation. 'Stop quibbling about words!'
"The Bible does not agree with this argument, and draws a clear line in the sand. Righteousness and strength, justification and salvation — are to be found only in the name of the God of Israel (Isa.45:23-25).
"From the Bible’s perspective, a false god is a demon, and he who follows a false god engages in idolatry and participates in counterfeit worship. So the question must be asked: is the name of Allah an interchangeable name for the One True God, or is Allah in fact a demonic spirit?" Thus Avner Boskey
Specifically on the Arabic Pre-Islamitic ‘moon-goddess’ — the following from the Historians' History of the World (The Times, London, 1908, VIII:100f): The +/- 400 B.C. "Herodotus…says ‘The Arabs…worship two gods — Dionysus whom they call Urotal, and Urania whom they call Alilat’…. Abiyate…and the worshippers of Ishtar was defeated in 645 B.C…. That the tribes of the desert should pay particular reverence to the stars, cannot occasion much wonder. With the refreshing dews of night came not only Venus and the moon ….
"Sabaism or magianism was also practised…. Some disciples of Brahmanism were even to be found…. Idolatry nevertheless remained the dominant religion…. All the Arabs acknowledge one supreme God Al-Lah, but some of them worshipped under the figures of their idols the angels Benat-Allah (the daughters of God)…. A great number of tribes had their special idols, Hobal, Lat, etc….