The Jewish Encyclopaedia on Judaism

Right before the Second World War (1939-45), Judaistic attitudes were well summarized by the prominent Judaists who then wrote their 1938 Jewish Encyclopaedia.   Thereafter, the Judaistic State of Israel was set up in Palestine in 1948 to perpetuate those attitudes — with the strong support of Judaists elsewhere in general, and in the United States of America in particular.

The uncircumcised Adam, Abel, Seth, Enos, Enoch, Noah, Shem, Japheth, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Judah were not Jews.   There were none anywhere, before the first sons of Judah (Er and Onan etc.).   Genesis 38:2-10 & 46:12.   The word "Jews" (Yehuudiym) is first encountered in the days when Rezin king of Syria in B.C. 740 "drove the Jews from Elath" (Second Kings 16:6) — and later in the books of Jeremiah, Daniel, Zechariah, Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther.

In Hyamson's and Silbermann's 1938 Jewish Encyclopaedia — Herbert Loewe, Reader in Rabbinics at the University of Cambridge, declares: "The Godhead in Judaism is…alone…. Judaism thus stood opposed to Christianity, on account of the Trinity and the Incarnation…. The Messiah was…never divine, as in Christianity….   The former christological interpretation of Immanuel (Isaiah 7:14), is now generally abandoned….   The succession of false Messiahs…has affirmed and not weakened the essential nature of this doctrine."

Dr. Solomon Graysell, Instructor in History at Gratz College in the U.S.A., calls Jesus "the Second Person in the Christian Trinity…, born to Joseph and Mary….   The education he received could not have been extensive….   Jesus criticized the Judaism of his day for overemphasizing externalism, for encouraging intellectual snobbishness….   In Jerusalem, he caused a riot in the Temple….   The Jewish leaders responsible for public order, had him arrested….   He was questioned by Caiaphas a former High Priest, and a committee of the Synhedrion…, finding him guilty of blasphemy….   In recent years a number of scholars have expressed doubt about the existence of Jesus."

Graysell also says: "Christianity began as a sect…preached by John the Baptist.   Jesus followed his example, criticising Jewish leadership….   The next divergent step was made by Paul of Tarsus, who called Jewish legalism a curse….   The records concerning Jesus began to be rewritten with an anti-Jewish point of view….   Pagan Christianity also adopted a literal interpretation of the phrase 'Son of God' as applied to Jesus….   When Christianity gained the upper hand under Constantine, the Church began its attempt to eliminate Judaism….

"Anti-Jewish legislation was incorporated in the Codes of Theodosius and of Justinian. Thereafter Jews were prohibited from making converts; erecting new synagogues; holding Christian slaves….   As the Church gained in power in the west, it added restrictions upon Jewish life…to say anything derogatory to Christianity….  

"The crusading age resulted in the massacre…of thousands of Jews….   Efforts to weaken Judaism took the form of condemnations of the Talmud….  The limitations upon Jewish commerce and artisanship developed to the point of exclusion….  The lower clergy lent enthusiastic assistance to commercial rivals on the one hand, and to mob emotions on the other. Accusations of ritual-murder and of host-desecration became frequent….

"Luther…and Protestantism in general showed themselves as anti-Jewish….   The claim was…made that Judaism was a danger to Christianity….   The clergy opposed the readmission

of the Jews into Christian society.   In more recent years, two factors have served to modify the attitude of Christianity toward Judaism — the disestablishment of the Church, and the spirit of Liberalism."

Graysell continues: "Church Councils…or synods of clergy in various geographical areas…occupied themselves in divorcing Christianity from Judaism by changing the day of rest to Sunday…, prohibiting social contacts with Jews, etc…..   They early began to use the term 'Jew' as a term of reproach.   They stigmatized Jewish influence as the work of Satan….   Later councils continued to adopt anti-Jewish legislation….   In 1434 the Oecumenical Council of Basle adopted as a policy the compulsion of Jews to attend conversionist sermons."

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