The Historical Roots of the Australian Constitution

The Marxist Prof. Manning Clark on the Mainland Australoids' oppression of the Negritos

For years, Professor Dr. Manning Clark was gaining a reputation and being built up as Australia's greatest Historian. In 1962, Clark insisted4 with some degree of objectivity at the very beginning of his multi-volume work titled A History of Australia: "Civilization did not begin in Australia until the last quarter of the eighteenth century…. The early inhabitants of the Continent created cultures, but not civilizations.

"The first of these were the Negrito people — short, dark-skinned, curly-haired and broad-nosed — who were forced to migrate…by the movement into those areas of people of a higher material culture….

"Later, another people arrived — the Murrayians, who were related to the Ainu in Japan and either destroyed the Negritos or drove them into the valleys behind Cairns and south into what is now Tasmania. Then in turn the Murrayians were challenged and displaced by the Carpentarians — a people probably related to the Vedda of Ceylon….

"This account is based on [the South Australian Ethnologist] N. Tindale and J. Birdsell’s Results of the Harvard-Adelaide Universities’ Anthropological Expedition 1938-39: [re] Tasmanian Tribes in North Queensland (in Records of the South Australian Museum),5 and H.A. Lindsay’s [article] The First Australians.6 Neither the Negritos nor the Murrayians, nor indeed the Carpentarians, made the advance from barbarism to civilization…. The failure of the aborigines to emerge from a state of barbarism deprived them of the material resources with which to resist an invader, and left them without the physical strength to protect their culture." Thus Manning Clark.

Even in 1963, Prof. Clark was still reminding people that it was the Negritos who came here first — forced south by "a superior material culture" (namely those from whom Australia's present tribal peoples have descended). Significantly, however — with the changing whims of left-wing political hacks and their academic hangers-on, the 'politically-correct' Clark's 1986 "revised…edition" omits this material — and betrays subsequent concessions to the by-then world-wide and still-rising tide of Third-World Anti-Colonialism. Indeed, only much later would his deepening Marxist biases and Communist sympathies be brought to light.

                                               

3 Dr. A. Carroll: Ethnology of the Blacks, paper in Journal of the Royal Anthropological Society of Australasia, April 1898. Cited and discussed in T. Dare's Australians Making a Great Nation, Western Plains Pubs., Sydney, 1985, pp. 20f. 4 C.M.H. Clark: op. cit., University Press, Melbourne, 1962, I pp. 3f. 5 Vol. 7, Adelaide, 1941-43. 6 In Science News, 43, London, 1957, pp. 54-61. See too N.B. Tindale and H.A. Lindsay's 1954 book The First Walkabout (Longmans Green & Co., London, 1954, p. xi & sqq.), where they show that the Negrito pygmy natives or Mimi people occupied Australia before the arrival of the later black "tall hunting men" from the north and "were forced to move" by them.

THE HISTORICAL ROOTS OF THE AUSTRALIAN CONSTITUTION

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Earlier, however, Clark's writings were free from such overt leftist bias. Here, for example, is the relevant section from his original 1963 book A Short History of Australia — the section expurgated in subsequent editions thereof from 1969 onward:

"So far there have been four migrations of people to Australia…. The first…were the Negritos, who were forced to move south…by people with a superior material culture. They were followed by the Murrayians, a people related to the Ainu in Japan. They in turn were pushed further south in Australia by the Carpentarians, who were related to the Vedda in Ceylon….

"The Negritos became the aborigines of Tasmania; the Murrayians were driven to the east and west coasts of the mainland…; the Carpentarians remained in the tropical fringes of the northern coast…. The fourth [migration]…brought the Europeans."7 (All emphases mine — F.N. Lee.) Writing in New Life,8 the eminent Australian archaeologist Dr. Clifford Wilson drew attention to "details of rock art in Kakadu National Park where the oldest known art predates the rise of the sea level some 6000 years ago…. Most images are drawings of highly active people…. Aborigines say the art belongs to an earlier group they call the Mimi people…. This could have an important bearing on the vexed question of Aboriginal land rights."

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