Yet later, attempting to remove the very last traces of any possible subordinationism in her understanding of the Son's relationship to His Father, the Western Church declared in the eleventh century that the Spirit proceeds not only from the Father. Consequently, she added to the above creed also the word Filioque ("and from the Son"). Unfortunately, the Eastern Church did not follow suit, and so has lacked the subsequent dynamism of the Western Church (whether Roman Catholic or Protestant Reformed).
Calvin exalted the Son yet further, by declaring that not just the Father but also the Son was Auto-Theos ("Himself God") — not deriving His divinity from that of the Father. As a corrective to any Hyper-Pentecostal over-reaction toward Solopneumatism ("by the Spirit alone") — the future Church of the twenty-first century should officially recognize that also the Holy Spirit is Auto-Theos. For He has always essentially proceeded or gone forth — and keeps on proceeding — just as much as the Father essentially has always fathered or "paternalized" (and keeps on paternalizing), and just as much as the Son essentially has always been a son or "filiated" (and keeps on filiating).
Yet to guard against tritheizing (making three gods), the Church of the future should also stress: that the Father has never had auto-paternity; that the Son has never had autofiliation; and that the Spirit has never had auto-procession. For the Father could never have paternalized from all eternity without there always having been a co-eternal Son in the power of the Spirit. Nor could the Son have filiated from all eternity without a coeternal Father, in the power of the Spirit. Nor could the Spirit ever have proceeded from all eternity, without always having gone forth and always having continued to go forth from a co-eternal Father toward a co-eternal Son (and also vice-versa back again to the co-external Father).
Thus, the Father has never needed the Son or the Spirit — in order for the Father to be God. The Son has never needed the Son or the Spirit — in order for the Son to be God. And the Spirit has never needed the Father or the Son — in order for the Spirit to be God. Yet the Father has always needed the Son and the Spirit — in order for the Father always to have been the Father. The Son has always needed the Father and the Spirit — in order for the Son always to have been the Son. And the Spirit has always needed the Father and the Son — in order for the Spirit always to have been the Spirit. No Divine Person has ever needed the other Two, in order to be God. Each of the Three has always needed the
GOD TRIUNE IN THE BEGINNING — AND FOR THE 21ST CENTURY
other Two, in order to be a distinct Person. Thus it always was before the beginning, and also at the beginning. Thus it is now; and ever shall be — world without annihilatability. Amen.
Post-Christian Judaists, Moslems and 'Jehovah witnesses' all deny this. They believe in a unitarian god. But such would have been an eternally personality-less god without a face or prosopon, at least before creation. To have a face or prosopon or personality, one must be able to look into other faces or prosopa or personalities (Prov. 8:12,22-36; John 1:1-5,17; Heb. 1:8-10 & 9:14).
Especially for God to be a Person, He must always have had and always continue to have a Face or Prosopon or a Divine Personality — always interfacing with other Faces or Prosopa or Divine Personalities. Also tritheistic Mormons deny this. For their "Father" and "Son" and "Spirit" are not one but three different gods — not co-eternal, but emerging consecutively and accumulatingly in an endless polytheistic series.