1:11f) Let the Earth cause plants to be brought forth, or make them to sprout (Hebrews 6:7). Today, this now occurs usually in accordance with God-given laws of growth ©f. Matthew 6:27-30).
1:11g) Grass, vegetation, and fruit-trees. Here is yet another created trinity! Cf. Genesis 1:1a,1d,1f; 1:4d,8f,9a,9b; 1:16g; 1:21g, 1:24a, 1:26c, and 1:26g.
1:11h) After its own variety, cf. Genesis 1:21g. On fossil plants, there is little Biblical evidence of a catastrophic fall of Lucifer and his angels in Genesis 1:2 (cf. note at Genesis 3:1), resulting in death and fossilization of as-then-still unmentioned plants. Such plant death and fossilization could not have occurred until after the events described at Genesis 1:11. But it seems that (unlike humans!) both plants and animals died or would have died either before or after the ‘death’ of the fallen angels and certainly before the fall of man, and that such angels died before Adam sinned. Cf. Genesis 1:7e & 1:9c & 1:21e with John 8:44 & Second Peter 2:4 & Jude 6 & Revelation 12:9 and possibly also with Isaiah 14:12f & Ezekiel 28:14f.
God-Triune makes or reveals the sun and moon and stars
1:14 Then God-Triune said: “Let there be lightsa in the heavenly skyb to separate the day from the night! And let them mark offc seasons and days and years!d 15 And let them shinee in the heavenly sky, to give light upon the Earth!” And so it was. 16 And God-Triune madef the two big lights: the larger light to control the day, and the smaller light to control the night; and the stars too.g 17-18 And God appointed them, in the heavenly sky, to shine forth upon the Earth and to controlh the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And God saw to it that it was good. 19 Then dusk came; then dawn came: day fourth.
1:14a) The sun and the moon and the stars are mentioned here as specific lights (cf. Psalm 136:7-9); not as light-as-such (as in Genesis 1:3), but as discrete light-bearers (Genesis 1:l6f). Here, the Greek Septuagint’s phosteres implies those light-bearers
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function in accordance with God-given astronomical laws (cf. Psalm 104:19 & Ecclesiastes 1:5 & Jeremiah 31:35).
1:l4b) In the firmament of the (second) Heaven. Cf. Genesis 1:1e & 1:8f.
1:14c) Let them be for signs or marks; let them de-marc-ate!
1:14d) Prior to this fourth day, all terrestrial “days” (and “seasons” and “years”?) were pre-solar, pre-lunar, and even pre-stellular, as far as our Earth is concerned. So one needs to be cautious about asserting that the first through the third days of Earth’s formation were definitely of the same quality as are our current solar days (and seasons and years). Thus, to Calvin (Commentary on Genesis 1:14), the pre-solar days were the primordial days, and the days after the third day were “artificial” days; because thenceforth calibrated by the then newly-made “artificer” of the sun (which was made on the same day fourth as were the moon and the stars). Cf. too Genesis 1:16fg & 1:18h.
1:15e) Let them be for lights….to shine upon the Earth!
1:16f) Made, or “made the two big lights…to give light upon the Earth” (Genesis 1:16f). This was by God’s covenantal manufacture and disposition on day fourth of the sun and the moon, after God had in Genesis 1:1d previously created the raw materials out of which the sun and the moon and the stars were only later manufactured (as first described on day fourth). Cf. too, however, Exodus 20:11 – which seems to suggest also the Heavens were being manufactured bit by bit on each of the first six days subsequent to their earlier exnihilation in Genesis 1:1. For God created the Heavens and their astronomical contents “at the beginning” – and thus before “day one.”