Creation and Commission: Genesis 1 to 3 – Translation and Commentary

3:15m) Genesis 3:15.   The Heb. has ‘aaqeeb and the Septuagint Autou pternan: “scratch” or “bite His heel.”   Satan’s peripheral “heel-biting” or “heel-nicking” or “heel- scratching” of Christ, finally produces the ultimate indestructibility of Christians as the

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true human race.   First Corinthians 15:1-58; First John 3:1-14; Revelation 17:4-5.   But Christ’s decisive “head-crushing” or “principal subjugation” of the devil is ultimately fatal to Satan.   First John 3:8 and Revelation 12:7-11 & 13:1-3 & 20:1-15.  

Furthermore, so too even Christ’s offspring or His adopted children.   Isaiah 53:1-11 & Luke 7:29,35 & Galatians 4:4-6.   They, although often bruised by the devil, will in the power of the risen Saviour themselves too ultimately crush Satan and triumph over him and his children.   Psalm 60:13; Romans 16:20; First Corinthians 15:24-28,58.  

This they will do, by way of their obedient execution (Genesis 3:16-23) of the Great Commission (Genesis 1:26-29 cf. Matthew 28:19) already principially fulfilled by Jesus Christ the Second Adam.   Genesis 3:15,20-21 & First Corinthians 15:22-28,45-47,58 and Hebrews 2:5-9 & 4:9-11.   Cf. too our notes at Genesis 3:16-23f and especially at 3:2ld!

Fallen man must still execute God-Triune’s original Covenant

3:16 To the woman He said: “I will surely increase your sorrows and your child- bearing!a   You will bear your children, in pain!   Now you shall abundantly desire your husband; yet he shall rule over you!”c     17 Then He said to Adam [or ‘Ground’ (cf. 2:7)]:  “Because you obeyed the voice of your wife and ate of the tree which I commanded you not to eat of,d cursed is the ground because of your transgression!e  Through painful toilf you shall eat of it, all the daysg of your life!h 18 It [the ground] will cause both thorns and thistles to sprout forth for you.i   Yet you shall keep on eating the plants of the field!   19 You shall keep on eating of your food by the agitated sweati of your laboriously-breathing  nostrils,j  until you return to the ground.  Since that is what you were taken from.   For you are soil; and you will return to the soil!”k

3:16a)  Christ the Second Adam continues to bless marriage even after the fall. Ephesians 5:21-32 & First Peter 3:1-7.   Unlike Satan and man’s environment (Genesis 3:14-15), the once-and-for-all blessed Adam and Eve are not cursed by the Lord. Genesis l:28a cf. 3:16-20 & Leviticus 26:3-9f.  

God’s original covenantal command to men to be fruitful and to multiply and to fill the Earth, thus continues undiminished (Genesis 1:28a cf. Leviticus 26:3-9f).   This is the case, even after the fall and in spite of the obviously much greater difficulties now involved in its execution. 

On the one hand, woman’s sorrows increase, after the fall.   But on the other hand, so too do her pregnancies.   Yet pregnancies, unlike the sorrows which now accompany them, would have taken place even if the fall had not.

3:16b) Christ the Second Adam expands His glorious rule through the expansion of His Covenant at the cradle.   Psalms 127 & 128 and First Corinthians 7:14.   Child-bearing by Covenanters not only unfolds the Covenant and helps fulfil the Great Commission

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(Genesis 1:28 & Matthew 28:18 & Acts 2:38-39), but it even promotes the welfare or “salvation” both of the individual mother and also of humanity as a whole (First Timothy 2:14-15).

3:l6c) This may mean: “Even though your pregnancies will now be painful, you will still sexually desire your husband; but he shall rule over you” (cf. Genesis 18:12).   Or it may mean: “Your sexual desire shall be subject to your husband’s, and he shall rule over you” (cf. Ephesians 5:22-24 & 5:31-33).   Or it may mean: “From now on, you will (sinfully) desire (to rule over) your husband; but he must over-rule you!”   Cf. Genesis 4:7.   Or it may mean two or all of these.  

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