1:4c) God fore-saw in His pro-vid-ence that the created light would be good and would remain good, cf. Genesis 22:14 & Acts 15:18.
1:4d) God put a differentiation, but not an antagonism, between light and darkness. Cf. the harmonious distinction between the three Persons of God-Triune, of which this differentiation is but a further created reflection. Cf. too Genesis 1:1e & Psalm 74:16. Too, in separating light from darkness, God subjected both to laws which regulate them (Genesis 1:5e cf. Isaiah 45:6-7 & Jeremiah 31:35 & 33:20,25).
1:5e) And it was dusk (or evening) and it was dawn (or daybreak) etc. Genesis 1:1f,4d,14a-17h. After the darkness of Genesis l:2f (preceding “the first day” of Genesis 1:3-5), God made a light-period called ‘Day.’ This ‘Day’ ended at dusk, at the commencement of a subsequent dark-period called ‘Night.’ And that ‘Night’ lasted till the following dawn mentioned in Genesis 1:5. Hence, the ‘first day’ started while it was still dark (cf. Genesis 1:2h), in the morning of that first day before our Earth got light for
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the very first time (Genesis 1:3b). And that first day ended while it was still dark the following morning before dawn on the second day (Genesis l:5e-8f). This evidences here a midnight-to-midnight rather than a dawn-to-dawn or even an evening-to-evening demarcation of the prototyptical day (cf. Genesis 2:3e & 1:26a).
God-Triune makes the atmosphere of the Earth
1:6 Then God-Triune said: “Let there be a skya between the waters,b and let it keep on separatingc the waters from the waters!” 7 So God Triune maded the sky. And He separated the waters below the sky from the waters above the sky. And so it was.e 8 And God-Triune named the sky ‘Heaven.’f Then dusk came; then dawn came: day second.
1:6a) The expanse of the sky or the firmament between the oceans and the clouds, seems to mean the Earth’s atmosphere (cf. Genesis 1:6b-8,20).
1:6b) The dual “waters.” As explained in below in Genesis 1:6 f & 1:7, the Earth’s atmosphere separates the two bodies of water. For it separates the water vapours or the clouds above it, from the surface of the waters or the ocean depths beneath it. Cf. Genesis 1:2.6,7 & 2:5 & 7:11 & 8:2 & 9:14-15; Psalms 104:3-13 & 148:4,7; and Proverbs 8:28. The waters above the atmosphere, however, may still have been one unbroken dense mist then enveloping the entire planet. For it is only on the fourth day that such mist might have broken up into separate and transitory clouds, Genesis 1:16f).
1:6c) “Keep on separating,” a causal continuing participle implying the institution and permanent operation of a God-given law regulating atmospheric conditions . See: Job 38:33-35 & Psalm 148:4-6 & Ecclesiastes 1:6 & Jerermiah 10:13.
1:7d) Not “created” from nothing, but “made” from previously-created raw materials. Genesis 1:1,3b,7d).
1:7e) And thus it happened; and this was surely right; and it was so! Yet observe we are not told here – as we are in respect of all the other formation-days – that ‘God saw that it was good.’ Why not? Some (following Jerome) explain this to imply that the fall into sin of Lucifer when he became Satan, had just then taken place. They point out that such a fall of many of the angels, was not “good.” But even if they fell only later, it is clear that they had already fallen before man did. For unfallen man was seduced precisely by a fallen angel.
Such angels would have been created with unlosable existence yet with losable life (which latter they then lost when they fell and ‘died’). This raises the question as to whether also plants if not indeed animals too lost their ‘created conditional immortality’ (sic!) when and because such angels sinned before man did, or whether all plants and animals unlike angels and men were created mortal alias without unlosable existence.