2:15a) The man Adam, cf. Genesis 2:7g & 2:7i.
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2:15b) God caused Adam to rest blissfully after putting him into the garden. Genesis 2:1-3 cf. 5:29 & 8:4,9-12,22. This seems to indicate that God created Adam outside the garden (Genesis 2:7-15) at the end of day sixth of Earth’s formation.
God then immediately installed him at rest in the covenantal garden on the day of rest (cf. Genesis 1:26 & 2:l-3). Henceforth, beginning in and later from that garden, he was to subdue the whole planet Earth, progressively, on the workdays of the weeks of his life (cf. Genesis 2:15c).
2:15c) This implies that man was to execute the Great Commission which God had given him to subdue the Earth on the weekdays of his life, starting right there in the garden . Cf. Genesis l:26h-m & l:28b-f.
2:15d) This means that Adam was to guard the walled garden (Genesis 2:8c & 3:24) against the expected onslaught of an attacker (Satan). Cf. Genesis 3:1f. It shows that the Covenant not only had positive requirements (such as those of serving and fearing God, of preserving His World, and of keeping His Commandments, Genesis 1:28 & Ecclesiastes 12:13. It shows it also had negative requirements too (such as those of repelling Satan, of subjugating him, and of avoiding breaches of God’s Commandments by eating of the fruit of the forbidden tree. Genesis 2:9,17 & 4:7. Accordingly, it also shows that God’s Covenant with man (Hosea 6:7) was from the very outset directed against Satan (viz. against Lucifer after he had become Satan) as their mutual enemy and against whom they were to assist one another as treaty allies in the Covenant of Life. Genesis 2:15d also suggests that Lucifer’s fall into evil together with his demonizing angels had then either just taken place (cf. Revelation 12:7-10) or was just about to take place (cf. Genesis 1:31a). Indeed, Lucifer’s proud rebellion against God and his fall into sin may well have been a result of his jealousy of man right after God had made him: as His image; as the light of the World; and as lord over all of the angels. Thus Isaiah 14:12-15 cf. Matthew 5:14-16 & Luke 4:3f & Hebrews 1:13-14). Cf. too Genesis 3:la & First Timothy 3:6 & Hebrews 2:5-6 with Psalm 8:1-9.
2:16e) God commanded man, giving him in essence the Ten Commandments. Cf. Genesis l:28b & 2:9fg with 2:17f. God “said” or swore an oath and fellowshipped and covenanted with man. Cf. Genesis l:la,26b,28b & 2:16-18.
2:17f) The mood is imperatively prohibitive in the Hebrew (lo’), and not merely advisedly discouraging (‘al).
2:17g) God here indicates that Adam would have lived for ever (Genesis 3:22) in a state of blissful favour (cf. Luke 2:40,52 & 3:23,38), if only he had remained obedient (Romans 5:12-21). Yet it was possible for him to disobey God and to die. For if he sinned, as he did, he would die (Romans 6:23). And then, not merely man’s body but the whole man would perish (without being annihilated): spiritually, physically, and everlastingly (Revelation 20:10-15 & 21:8). For by eating of the forbidden fruit, man would simultaneously break all Ten Commandments of God’s Covenant and thereby merit everlasting death and punishment. Genesis 2:15-17; 3:1-17,22,24; Exodus 20:1-17; John 8:44; Romans 5:12-19; Hebrews 4:1-11; James 1:14-15 & 2:8-12; and Revelation
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21:8 & 22:14. “By this death, He meaneth the separacion of man fro God Who is our life and chief felicitie” (thus the old Geneva Bible).
God alone is sovereignly independent and immortal in the sense of having existed from all eternity. First Timothy 1:17 & 6:14-16. Yet man is God’s image, and received from Him a dependent yet an everlasting continued existence and a losable blissful life, which latter by way of man’s obedience could ultimately be transformed into unlosable everlasting life. Before the fall, man had a losable everlasting life which could ultimately have attained unlosable everlasting life. After the fall, unregenerate man lost his losable everlasting life, but was not annihilated. And unannihilable man in principle right now receives unlosable everlasting life the moment he believes in the merits of the Second and Last Adam Jesus Christ. In Christ, then, the Christian has far more than he ever had in Adam. For, unlike Adam, the Christian cannot fall from the grace of life everlasting. Cf. Genesis l:28a & 2:79 & 2:9f & 3:19k & 3:22d with John 10:27-29 and First Peter 1:3- 5.