Quarterly Communion at Annual Seasons – 5th ed. 2003


  1.  The Seasons and their annual Feasts root in formation week at Genesis 1:14f  2.  ‘Seasonal Communion’ in Genesis 8:20-22 and thenceforth at the four Seasons  3.  The progressive inception and development of the four Seasonal Feasts  4.  The Passover and the other Seasonal Feasts each held annually  5.  Matthew Henry’s comments on Israel’s Seasonal Feasts  6.  Sacrifices and Passovers in Leviticus   7.  The second Passover in the desert: Numbers nine   8.  No Easter Sunday Evening Sacrament just days after Eucharist was instituted  9.  No ‘Daily Communion’ or ‘Weekly Communion’ in Acts 2:42-46 10.  Grover Gunn versus John Calvin on Acts 2:42f 11.  No ‘Weekly Communion’ in Acts 20:6f 12.  Gunn’s garbling of Acts 20:6f 13.  Calvin versus Gunn on Acts 20:6f 14.  Calvin on Communion in First Corinthians 11:20f 15.  Gunn versus Scripture on Holy Communion 16.  ‘All Scripture’: versus fragmentative dispensationalism 17.  Ante-Nicene patristic testimony as to the frequency of Communion 18.  Bingham’s allegations that Early Church practised Weekly Communion 19.  The deformation of Communion in the Mediaeval Church 20.  The young Calvin (1536-1540) on the frequency of Communion 21.  Calvin’s views on Communion matured, from 1540 to 1560f 22.  Eucharistic frequency’s train of events in Calvin’s Switzerland from 1525-1564f 23.  Calvin’s student Knox continues ‘Quarterly Communion’ 24.  The Westminster Assembly’s Gillespie on the frequency of Communion 25.  The Westminster Standards: Communion not to be weekly 26.  Dutch Reformed ‘Quarterly Communion’ also in Colonial America 27.  Rev. Robert Grossmann’s excellent paper on communion frequency 28.  Scriptural ‘Quarterly Communion’ vs. Paedocommunion & ‘Weekly Communion’ 29.  The earliest communion practices of the Scots-Irish Presbyterians 30.  Statement by North Pine Presbyterian Church on “Quarterly Communion” 31.  Statement by Rev. Bancroft of the Orthodox Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. 32.  July 2002 Interaction between Shank and Lee on the Directory for Public Worship 33.  September 2003 statements by Rev. Bancroft against Weekly Communionism 34.  Subsequent response of Rev. Lanning to Weekly Communionist Whitmer 35.  Dr. J.G. Vos on the importance of Preparatory Services Before Communion 36.  Summary: Quarterly Communion at Biblical Seasons annually


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It is our thesis below that the four Seasons (Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter) and the human Feasts in which we are to thank the Triune God for them, are Creation Ordinances.   They were re-affirmed after the Fall, and also right after Noah’s Flood.   They were progressively re- enjoined to the Ancient Israelites.   They were all observed by our Example and Saviour Jesus Christ when He was here on Earth.   And they carry over into the Church’s Eucharist as the fulfilment thereof, which we suggest should be held optimally during such Seasons four times every year.

1.  The Seasons and their annual Feasts root in formation week at Genesis 1:14f

‘Seasonal Communion’ three or four times a year best harmonizes with the totality of Biblical teaching.    Indeed, on the very first page of the Holy Bible, Genesis 1:14’s “Seasons” or Moo’a:diym are not just climatic – but also liturgical (as further seen in Leviticus 23:4-37 etc.). 

This is further evident, also because Genesis 1:14 – just like Leviticus 23:4-37 too – was infallibly inscripturated by God and through Moses.   Mark 10:3-9 cf. Exodus 23:14f.   This was done in the Regulative Principle of Worship for the true covenant people – and, indeed, for all time. Deuteronomy 12:32; Esther 9:22; Romans 15:2-4; First Corinthians 11:23-29; Hebrews 8:1-5. 

Too, a quarterly ‘season’ elapsed – between the institution of the Passover in Egypt, and the festive re-promulgation of the Law on Sinai’s altar apparently at Pentecost.   Exodus 12:1-6; 19:1-2; 20:18-26; 24:1-18.   Indeed, at Exodus 23:14-17, God yet again insists: “Three times you shall keep a Feast to Me in the year” – viz., “the Feast of Unleavened Bread”; “the Feast of Harvest”; and “the Feast of Ingathering.”   Cf. at Exodus 34:23, at Leviticus 23:4-37, and at Deuteronomy 16:16.

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