‘”As the new Heavens and the new Earth which I will make shall remain before Me,” says the LORD, “so shall your seed and your name remain!… It shall come to pass that from one new moon to another and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before Me”…. The men that have transgressed against Me…, their worm shall not die — neither shall their fire be quenched!’ Isaiah 66:22-24.
The Prophet here thinks of the future Church being upon a new Earth and under a new Heaven. But he cannot conceive of the eternal, in the form of eternity! So he conceives of it as the endless continuance of the history of time. The Prophet is speaking of the future state, in figures drawn from the present world. He depicts both this life and the life to come, as an endless extension of life. The self-sacrifice of Jehovah-Jesus lays the foundation for a new Heaven and a new Earth!
Calvin comments: “He speaks of ‘new Heavens’ and a ‘new Earth’…. He looks to…Christ, by Whom all things have been renewed…. The Church may always continue to be prosperous and happy. What is old, tends to decay; what is restored and renewed, must be of longer continuance….
“God has promised…the sun and moon, so long as they remained in the sky, should be witnesses of the eternal succession — so that the posterity of David might not be cut off…. As God will establish the world so that it may never perish…, the Church shall be perpetual — so that it may be prolonged through all ages…. They extend as far as to that (Last) Judgment!…
“Under the reign of Christ, there shall be a constant and uninterrupted solemnity…. There is…here a contrast between the Sabbath…which was celebrated under the Law, and the perpetual Sabbath which we have at the present day (Hebrews 4:9-10)” — and Hebrews 4:11-14!
Calvin also says in his Institutes II:8:30 & II:10:22: “The Lord intends that the Sabbath never should be completed before the arrival of the Last Day. We here begin our blessed rest in Him, and daily make new progress in it…. It shall not be consummated until the fulfilment of the prophecy of Isaiah (66:23). In other words, when God shall be ‘all in all’ (First Corinthians 15:28)….
“The passages…are several — which point…to the future immortality…. One is in Isaiah (66:22-23): ‘As the new Heavens and the new Earth which I will make, shall remain before Me,’ says the Lord — ‘so shall your seed and your name remain. And it shall come to pass that from one new moon to another and from one sabbath to another, all flesh shall come to worship before Me.'”
Calvin also says in his Treatises III:195: “Man…, so long as nature…continues and is not renewed by grace…, crowns the original sin…from his parents…. If he dies in this…condition, being…thrown into Hell by the just judgment of God — he there suffers eternal punishment…. As…written by Isaiah (66:24), neither is his fire extinguished — nor does his worm die!”
Yet God certainly assures His children: ‘You and your seed shall remain on the new Earth!’